Birth Control

Explore some information about birth control options available through Four Corners OB/GYN, so you can choose what’s best for you.

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Overview of Birth Control

Birth control refers to various methods and techniques used to prevent pregnancy.

These methods can include:

  • Hormonal methods such as birth control pills, arm implants (Nexplanon) and patches
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Sterilization procedures like tubal ligation and vasectomy
  • Fertility awareness methods, and
  • Barrier methods like condoms and diaphragms

Each method works differently, providing individuals with options to suit their preferences and lifestyles. By understanding the different types of birth control available, individuals can make informed decisions about their reproductive health and family planning goals.

Four Corners OB/GYN can support you to choose and begin using a birth control method.

Types of Birth Control

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.

There are two main types of IUDs: hormonal and non-hormonal (copper). Hormonal IUDs release progestin, which thickens cervical mucus and may prevent ovulation, while copper IUDs create an inhospitable environment for sperm, preventing fertilization.

IUDs are long-acting and very effective, with some lasting up to 8-10 years depending on the type. They are low-maintenance and reversible, making them a convenient option for many individuals seeking long-term birth control. Some side effects such as cramping or bleeding are possible.

IUDs require insertion by a healthcare provider. Four Corners OB/GYN is available to discuss your options and provide insertion services.

Hormonal Birth Control

Hormonal birth control methods use hormones to prevent pregnancy. These methods include birth control pills, patches, arm implants (Nexplanon, effective for 3 years), injections, vaginal rings, and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs, effective for 8-10 years). These methods work in various ways including preventing ovulation or making it harder for the sperm to reach the egg. With these methods, fertility returns to normal as soon as stopped or removed.

Hormonal birth control is highly effective when used correctly and can offer additional benefits such as:

  • reduced menstrual cramps
  • reduced acne
  • improved PMS
  • decreased risk of ovarian and uterine cancer

However, they may not be suitable for everyone and can have potential side effects, so it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider like Four Corners OB/GYN before starting.

Psyche Digital BFD

Barrier Method

Barrier methods of birth control work by creating a physical barrier between sperm and the egg, preventing fertilization. Common barrier methods include male and female condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges.

These methods are typically readily accessible, affordable, and offer protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in addition to preventing pregnancy.

Fertility Awareness Methods

Fertility awareness methods (FAMs) involve tracking menstrual cycles and identifying fertile days to prevent pregnancy.

By understanding the menstrual cycle and avoiding intercourse during fertile windows, individuals can prevent pregnancy without the use of hormones or barriers. This contraceptive method is considered less effective than other birth control listed above.

FAMs require commitment, consistency, and accurate tracking to be effective, and they may not be suitable for individuals with irregular cycles or those who are unable to abstain from intercourse during fertile periods.

Permanent Birth Control

Sterilization is a permanent form of birth control that involves surgical procedures.

Tubal ligation, in women, is a procedure to block or remove the fallopian tubes in women. This prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.

Vasectomy, in men, involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens to prevent the release of sperm during ejaculation.

Four Corners OBGYN offers permanent birth control for women, and can refer men to a urologist if they desire a vasectomy.

Sterilization procedures are highly effective and considered permanent, making them suitable for individuals who are certain they do not want to have children in the future.

To discuss permanent birth control options, please call us to make an appointment.